Colorless, Clear, Oily Liquid
Di-2-ethylhexyl Phthalate, Diethylhexyl Phthalate, Diisooctyl Phthalate, DEHP
190 Kg, Iron Drum
Dioctyl phthalate (DOP) is a colorless, odorless, and oily liquid organic compound that belongs to the phthalate family. It is one of the most commonly used plasticizers and is particularly well-suited for use in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) products. DOP is also known for its low volatility and resistance to high temperatures, which makes it useful in applications such as cable insulation, automotive parts, and medical devices.
Synthesis of Phthalic Anhydride: The first step in the manufacturing of DOP involves the synthesis of phthalic anhydride. Phthalic anhydride is produced by the oxidation of naphthalene or o-xylene with air.
Esterification: In the next step, phthalic anhydride is esterified with 2-ethylhexanol (2-EH) to produce dioctyl phthalate. This reaction is catalyzed by an acid catalyst, typically sulfuric acid.
Purification: The resulting mixture of DOP and unreacted 2-EH is then purified by fractional distillation to separate the DOP from the 2-EH. The DOP is typically obtained as a clear, colorless liquid with a boiling point of around 385°C.
Vinyl flooring and wall coverings: DOP is used as a plasticizer in the production of vinyl flooring and wall coverings. It makes the material flexible, durable, and resistant to wear and tear.
Artificial leather: DOP is also used in the production of artificial leather, which is used in the automotive industry for seat covers and interiors, as well as in the fashion industry for bags, shoes, and clothing.
Wire and cable insulation: DOP is used as a plasticizer in wire and cable insulation to make it flexible and resistant to heat and chemicals.
Toys and children's products: DOP is used in the production of toys and children's products to make them soft and pliable.